Types of Memory Disorders & Neuropsychological Conditions | MedStar Health
A nurse provides compassionate care for an elderly female patient.

MedStar Health offers evaluations of cognitive and neurobehavioral problems ranging from brief neuropsychological screenings to comprehensive neuropsychological dementia work-ups. We work closely with referring physicians to answer questions and make treatment and management recommendations. A full range of neurorehabilitation services is available to patients with cognitive, behavioral, and physical impairments.

Evaluation and consultation

  • Differential diagnosis of dementia vs. “normal” age-related cognitive changes

  • Differential diagnosis of dementia vs. depression and other medical conditions

  • Differential diagnosis of cognitive disorders, conversion disorders, factitious disorders, and malingering

  • Serial assessment for tracking dementia progression

  • Forensic evaluations ranging from capacity to consent to treatment/medical decision-making to guardianship/self-care

  • Baseline and post-neurosurgical evaluations of memory and cognition

  • Serial assessments for tracking recovery from neurologic insults, such as TBI and CVA

  • Return to work capacity, including determining disability status and developing reasonable accommodations

  • Neuropsychological sequela of neurotoxicity

  • Screening of transplant candidates


  • Management of cognitive changes associated with aging

  • Compensatory memory and problem-solving strategies in early-stage dementia, TBI, CVA, and other neurologic diseases

  • Recommendations to health care providers regarding learning/behavioral strategies for enhancing medical compliance and reducing medical complications

  • Other services provided for medical patients with mood disorders

  • Health promotion for smoking cessation or to change eating, exercise, and alcohol use patterns

  • Behavior management for behavioral disturbances associated with cognitive and/or personality deterioration

  • Behavior modification and teaching strategies to enhance compliance with prescribed medical treatment

  • Self-regulation, stress management, and relaxation training

  • Psychotherapy to improve adaptation to chronic medical illness and cognitive disability

Our providers

Dr Anette Virta-Paras poses in front of a set of brain scans at MedStar Health.

Expert neurology care

Getting the care you need starts with seeing one of our neurologists.